How to Plant and Care for a Tree

Here are planting instructions, watering and care instructions for your trees.

Watering Instructions:

It is important that the tree is not over watered or under watered.  The tree ball should be watered thoroughly (approximately 20 gallons, or 80 Litres) approximately once a week.  Check by probing 5 to 6 inches deep into the soil to see if it is moist or wet.  If it is still wet, delay watering.  Rain may not penetrate an established lawn, depending on the drainage etc., so the tree should be checked to see that it is receiving adequate water.  Tree roots also need air and this is why they need to dry somewhat between waterings.  Over watering or piling soil against the trunk will kill a tree.  It may take up to 3 years of supplemental watering to establish a tree. We cannot be held responsible for plant material that does not grow as it is subject to conditions beyond our control.

One big mistake made when planting new trees is planting them too deep. Whether in a wire basket, or a pot; all trees when started are planted the proper depth in the soil. When you replant them in your yard you do not want to add soil on top of the root ball. By adding extra soil around the trunk of the tree you can cause trunk rot which in turn would effect the tree negatively.

The following pictures have been supplied to help you better understand how to properly plant a tree.

The following picture explains some of the things that many customers do not realize will affect the tree negatively.

Many customers believe that by “topping” a tree, that they think is too tall, will encourage it to bush out below. This is not true. In fact it actually stresses the tree out which in turn causes the tree to produce water sprouts. (new growth that usually grows straight up vigorously) These water sprouts take a lot of energy from the tree which will eventually begin to affect the other branches.

When pruning a tree it is not necessary to put any sealer on the newly cut branch. As long as you make your cut properly the tree will heal itself and will not be effected by any diseases. The best way to ensure you are pruning properly is google ” How to Prune a Tree”. The important thing to remember is not to leave any stubs.

When you damage the roots of a tree it takes away a portion of the trees ability to take up the right amount of nutrients it needs to create the energy the tree needs.

Many customers think nothing of tying a rope onto a tree branch to hang a bird house, swing, or even lights. This however if left for a period of time, even as short as a year, can be detrimental to a tree. A tree will not eventually just break whatever has been tied around it. It will try to grow around it. This causes girdling and creates a weak area in the tree. This weak area could be the cause of a branch breaking of or maybe even the whole tree falling over. It is best to not tie things to your tree and if you put lights on it to take them off every year.

Pictures below are more example of girdling.

 

When picking a tree to plant think about where you are going to be planting it. You don’t want to plant a tree that does not like a lot of water in an area that has an excessive amount of water.

There is no need to put fabric around the base of a tree. You can add a 2″ layer of mulch around the tree to keep moisture in and prevent weeds from growing around you tree. By putting fabric down you are not allowing the roots to breath properly.

Customers love to dress up their yards by adding in beds. Remember though when it comes to trees you do not want build soil up around them. If you have a existing tree (it will already be planted at the proper height) and are considering do a bed around it, do not do a raised bed. Adding soil around a tree can cause trunk rot.

Below is a picture of what is not recommended and what is.